David Davis (Supreme Court justice)

For other people with the same name, see David Davis (disambiguation).

David Davis

President pro tempore of the United States Senate

In office
October 13, 1881 – March 3, 1883

Preceded by
Thomas F. Bayard, Sr.

Succeeded by
George F. Edmunds

United States Senator
from Illinois

In office
March 4, 1877 – March 4, 1883

Preceded by
John Logan

Succeeded by
Shelby Cullom

Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States

In office
October 17, 1862 – March 4, 1877

Nominated by
Abraham Lincoln

Preceded by
John Campbell

Succeeded by
John Harlan

Personal details

(1815-03-09)March 9, 1815
Cecil County, Maryland, U.S.

June 26, 1886(1886-06-26) (aged 71)
Bloomington, Illinois, U.S.

Political party
Whig (Before 1854)
Republican (1854–1870)
Liberal Republican (1870–1872)
Independent (1872–1886)

Sarah Woodruff Walker (1838–1879)


Alma mater
Kenyon College
Yale University


David Davis (March 9, 1815 – June 26, 1886) was a United States Senator from Illinois and associate justice of the United States Supreme Court. He also served as Abraham Lincoln’s campaign manager at the 1860 Republican National Convention, along with Ward Hill Lamon, one of Lincoln’s former law partners who served as the President’s primary bodyguard during the American Civil War. Davis and Lamon, along with another Lincoln associate, Leonard Swett, helped engineer Lincoln’s nomination.
Educated at Kenyon College and Yale University, Davis settled in Bloomington, Illinois in the 1830s, where he practiced law. He served in the Illinois legislature and as a delegate to the state constitutional convention before becoming a state Judge in 1848. Lincoln practiced law in his court. After Lincoln won the presidency, Davis was appointed to the United States Supreme Court, where he served until being elected to the Senate in 1877. Known for his independence, he was elected President pro tempore of the United States Senate, placing him in the line of presidential succession, and was the last such to be a member neither of the Democratic nor Republican parties.


1 Early life
2 National stage
3 Disputed election of 1876
4 Senate career
5 Legacy
6 References
7 External links

Early life[edit]
He was born to a wealthy family in Cecil County, Maryland, where he attended public school. After graduating from Kenyon College in Gambier, Ohio, in 1832, he went on